Explore the profound symbolism and importance of flowers in Hindu puja rituals. Understand how different flowers can influence life and devotion.


Flowers hold a deep symbolic significance in Hindu pujas, representing devotion and the multifaceted nature of human emotions. Each flower, with its unique color and fragrance, plays a crucial role in worship, believed to bring divine grace and solve life’s myriad problems.

The Essence of Flowers in Puja

In Hinduism, flowers are not merely decorative elements; they are potent symbols of purity, spirituality, and the transient nature of life. Their use in puja (worship) transcends mere ritual, connecting the devotee to the divine.

Vishnu and the Yellow Marigold

Offering yellow marigolds to Lord Vishnu is a common practice, especially believed to resolve progeny-related issues. This vibrant flower symbolizes the sun’s energy and is often used in garlands during Vishnu worship.

Roses for Lakshmi

Roses, symbolizing love and prosperity, are traditionally offered to Goddess Lakshmi. Regular offerings of roses are believed to improve financial stability and strengthen relationships.

The Lotus for Krishna

Offering lotus flowers to Lord Krishna, particularly on Ekadashi, is said to fulfill desires of progeny. The lotus, emerging pristine from murky waters, symbolizes spiritual enlightenment and purity.

Hibiscus for Protection

Offering hibiscus flowers to the Goddess (Devi) is a common practice for protection against enemies and adversities. The red color of the hibiscus signifies courage and strength.

Sun Worship with Hibiscus

Offering hibiscus flowers to the Sun deity is believed to bring fame and honor. The Sun, being a vital energy source, is worshipped with the red hibiscus to symbolize vitality and life force.

Moon Offerings with White Flowers

Offering white flowers to the Moon god is a practice believed to bring mental peace and emotional balance. The coolness of the white flowers represents the soothing energy of the Moon.


Q: Why are flowers essential in Hindu puja?

A: Flowers in Hindu puja represent purity, devotion, and the nature of life. They are mediums to convey specific prayers and intentions to the deities.

Q: Can any flower be used in puja?

A: While most flowers can be used, each deity has specific flowers that are considered more auspicious for worship.

Q: Is the color of the flower important in puja?

A: Yes, different colors symbolize different aspects. For example, red for strength, yellow for prosperity, and white for peace.


The use of flowers in Hindu pujas is a profound practice, rich in symbolism and purpose. It reflects the deep-rooted belief in the power of nature to connect humans with the divine. By choosing the right flowers for worship, devotees can express their deepest emotions and desires to the gods, seeking blessings and protection in their life journey.


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