How long do PAN and Aadhar cards remain active after death?


Documents like Aadhar Card and PAN Card are very important. Without these documents, you cannot complete various official tasks. In such a situation, this question arises in the minds of many people: what happens to these documents after death?

Both Aadhar Card and PAN Card are essential documents in India, used for identification, taxation, and various other purposes. Given their importance, it’s crucial to understand the procedures for handling these documents after the death of an individual to prevent misuse and ensure proper closure.

Understanding the Importance of PAN and Aadhar Cards

PAN Card (Permanent Account Number) is a unique ten-digit alphanumeric number issued by the Income Tax Department of India. It is mandatory for financial transactions and serves as an important proof of identity.

Aadhar Card is a 12-digit unique identity number issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). It includes biometric data and is widely used for identification and verification purposes.

What Happens to Aadhar and PAN Cards After Death?

After an individual’s death, both Aadhar and PAN cards remain active until specific actions are taken to deactivate them. It is important to understand the processes involved to avoid potential misuse and ensure that the deceased’s identity is not fraudulently used.

Deactivation of Aadhar Card

Misuse Prevention: The Aadhar card of a deceased individual can be misused if not properly deactivated. Family members should take steps to lock the Aadhar card of the deceased to prevent any unauthorized use.

Steps to Deactivate Aadhar Card

  1. Obtain the Death Certificate: The first step is to acquire an official death certificate from the relevant authorities.
  2. Inform the UIDAI: Family members can notify the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) about the death by submitting a copy of the death certificate. This can be done online through the UIDAI website or by visiting an Aadhar Enrollment Center.
  3. Link Aadhar with Death Certificate: It is advisable to link the Aadhar card with the death certificate. This ensures that the Aadhar number is officially marked as inactive.
  4. Lock Aadhar Card: UIDAI provides an option to lock the Aadhar card to prevent any misuse. This can be done online through the UIDAI portal.

Deactivation of PAN Card

Preventing Financial Fraud: Like the Aadhar card, the PAN card can also be misused for financial frauds if not deactivated after the holder’s death. It is crucial to deactivate the PAN card to avoid any fraudulent activities.

Steps to Deactivate PAN Card

  1. Obtain the Death Certificate: Ensure you have the death certificate of the deceased.
  2. Visit an Online Centre or NSDL Website: The deactivation request can be submitted online through the NSDL (National Securities Depository Limited) website or by visiting an authorized PAN service center.
  3. Submit the Required Documents: The death certificate and a formal application must be submitted. This application should include details of the PAN card, the deceased person’s information, and the death certificate.
  4. Receive Confirmation: Once the application is processed, the PAN card will be deactivated, and a confirmation will be provided.

Why It’s Important to Deactivate These Documents

Prevent Identity Theft: Deactivating Aadhar and PAN cards helps prevent identity theft, which can lead to financial fraud and other illegal activities.

Legal Compliance: Ensuring these documents are deactivated is part of the legal and administrative responsibilities of the deceased’s family members.

Protecting the Deceased’s Legacy: Proper management of these documents helps maintain the integrity of the deceased’s financial and personal records.

Additional Considerations

Informing Financial Institutions

After deactivating Aadhar and PAN cards, it is also essential to inform financial institutions, such as banks and insurance companies, about the death. This will help in updating their records and preventing any future discrepancies.

Updating Other Legal Documents

Ensure that other legal documents, such as wills, property deeds, and insurance policies, are updated to reflect the changes after the death. This will streamline the legal process and provide clarity for the beneficiaries.

Understanding the procedures to deactivate Aadhar and PAN cards after death is crucial for preventing misuse and ensuring proper closure of the deceased’s financial and personal records. By following the steps outlined above, family members can effectively manage these documents and protect the identity and legacy of their loved ones.

Maintaining diligence in handling these essential documents is not only a legal responsibility but also a measure to safeguard against potential fraud and misuse. Properly deactivating these documents ensures that the deceased’s identity is protected and their personal and financial matters are concluded respectfully and securely.


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