As per the statistics compiled by the National Crime Records Bureau, the overcrowding in Indian jails as on 31.12.2007 was to the extent of 135.7% , since the inmate population in the jails of the country is 3,76,396 against the total authorized capacity of 2,77,304 inmates.

“Prisons” is a State subject under List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution and Prison Administration is the responsibility of the State Governments. However, a number of measures have been taken by the Government of India to reduce overcrowding in jails. These include amendment in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 and introduction of the system of plea bargaining primarily to reduce pendency of cases in trial courts and overcrowding in prisons.For disposal of long pending sessions and other cases, Government of India has also set up 1562 Fast Track Courts for speedy disposal of cases.


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