Nearly 200 migrant workers lost their lives in road crashes during COVID-19 lockdown
Fatigue among bus and truck drivers hired to transport migrants combined with over speeding and poor engineering of roads top reason for road crash deaths
Uttar Pradesh accounted for over 30 percent (245) of the total deaths followed by Telangana (56), Madhya Pradesh (56), Bihar (43), Punjab (38) and Maharashtra (36).
Further analysis reveals that around 27% of the victims were migrant workers whereas 5% were essential workers like Police, doctors, and others. 68% of the overall deaths involved pedestrians, two-wheelers and three-wheelers – categorised as Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs).
Since the lockdown began, nearly 200 migrant workers have lost their lives while walking, cycling back home, traveling in HMVs and LMV commercial vehicles, and in mass fatality crashes involving state-organized buses. One of the recurring reasons for mass casualties in most of the incidents was speeding and driver fatigue due to continuous driving on tenuous routes.
The top 5 states that reported road crash deaths of migrant workers are Uttar Pradesh (94), Madhya Pradesh (38), Bihar (16), Telangana (11) and Maharashtra (9).
Out of the four phases of lockdown, phase 4 was the deadliest overall, whereas phase 3 was the deadliest in particular for migrant workers. Phase 3 reported 60% of all migrant deaths in road crashes during lockdown followed by phase 4 with 19% of total migrant deaths reported in the media.
Commenting on the same, Piyush Tewari, Founder and CEO, SaveLIFE Foundation said, “With COVID 19 still very much around, we simply can’t afford to burden our already over-burdened healthcare system with road crash related trauma. The data collated by us suggests that there has been a surge in road crashes with lifting of the restrictions across the states in Phase 3 and Phase 4. It is critical that States enhance enforcement to prevent road crashes and the citizens inculcate essential safety habits for the road like they did for personal hygiene during the lockdown.”
According to media reports tracked, vehicle-on-vehicle collisions constituted the highest crash configuration with 43% of all road crash deaths. In 15% cases, speeding was highlighted as a factor, though it is likely that speeding was involved in most fatal crashes though not highlighted in the media reports tracked. Pedestrian rundowns constituted 9% of the total death toll, indicating the urgent need for design changes to segregate pedestrian traffic from fast moving vehicles.