Myanmar Logistics and Warehousing Market Outlook to 2023
Myanmar Logistics Market Overview and Size
In 2011 Myanmar’s economy opened up to the rest of the world. Foreign investment has since then been steadily coming in, reaching USD 7.5 billion in 2018, 13% growth since 2013. International companies are looking at Myanmar as a potential growth market. One of the lucrative factors for investing in Myanmar is the abundant supply of natural resources and one of the cheapest labor costs in Asia. However, there has been underinvestment in Myanmar with respect to the transportation sector, with merely 5% of government expenditure going towards the Transport and Communications sector even though Transportation services contribute 11.2% to the GDP. More than 80% of enterprises in Transportation and Storage Sector in Myanmar are operating with only 0-9 workers. This suggests that the market is majorly unorganized.
Myanmar Logistics Market Segmentation
By Freight Forwarding
Despite a stunted economic growth before the liberalization initiative, freight forwarding has always been a prosperous industry in Myanmar due to its strategic location as the gateway between India and China and global sea connectivity through Yangon port. Road Freight contributes the highest share towards overall freight volume and revenues. Sea freight is the second largest contributor since Yangon Port is a major trans-shipment hub for Southeast Asia. Naturally, Industrial Sector is the major end user for freight forwarding services. Around 60% of value of imports in Myanmar is from capital goods such as building material, machinery, transport equipment and intermediate goods such as raw material, fuel, tools and spares.
The Myanmar Warehousing industry is at nascent growth stage. Modern warehouses have just started developing and only a few are operational such as Daizen’s bonded warehouse and warehousing facility in Thilawa SEZ. International companies such as DHL and Damco have identified the gap in Myanmar’s warehousing services and are constantly focusing their activities towards developing warehousing services. Myanmar is a leading producer of food products and garments, both of which require storage solutions.
By Courier, Express and Parcel Logistics Market
Strict monopoly of Myanmar Post until 2013 hindered the growth of CEP market in Myanmar. The country ranked 126th out of 170 countries in the 2016 Integrated Index for Postal Development by the Universal Postal Union (UPU). UPU is now supporting Myanmar Post to aid its development and digitalization process. The Ministry of Transport and Communication and Japan’s Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications have signed a memorandum of cooperation in the postal sector for the modernization and improvement of Myanmar’s postal services.
By Third Party Logistics Market
Due to infrastructural and regulatory hassles, logistics companies in Myanmar outsource certain operations while controlling core operations. For Example: CP Logistics outsources its fleet requirement in order to provide complete supply chain management. The market is dominated by numerous small and medium players for whom outsourcing is a primary strategy to sustain. The 3PL market is also being driven by innovations such as trucking aggregator models and the market is expected to incline more towards consolidation for mutual benefits.
By E Commerce Logistics Market
The recent and gradual liberalization of delivery services through partnership with third party logistics provides–after decades of strict monopoly by Myanmar Post for mail and small parcels–have enabled the development of a small e-commerce logistics market, primarily in urban regions of Yangon and Mandalay. Cross border e-commerce is still in the nascent growth stage, mainly due to custom clearance procedures in Myanmar which take 5-7 days as against the ideal standard of 1-2 days.
There are around 4,000 logistics companies in Myanmar including 830+ trucking companies and 880+ domestic freight forwarders. Majority of the transporters are found in Yangon, Mandalay, Sittwe, Lashio, Muse and Myawaddy towns. The logistics market is still undeveloped and medium-sized transporters are operating mostly on the primary corridors. The market nature is highly fragmented. Since the cargo insurance system is weak in Myanmar, a lot of traders transport cargo with their owned trucks; therefore it is difficult for companies to specialize in a mode of transport. A number of mergers and acquisitions might happen in the future when private companies realize the symbiotic benefit of collaborating. Warehousing companies are placing rising emphasis on developing cold storage facilities and obtaining permits for building container freight stations and bonded warehouses.
Future Outlook and Projections
Myanmar Logistics and Warehousing Market is expected to register a double digit growth during 2018-2023. The reasons for the growth include heavy investment in logistics development by Myanmar government and international companies, expected increase in cargo throughput, development of SEZs and multimodal transport projects. The labour force in Myanmar is expected to reach 10 million by 2030, causing a lot of companies from Thailand and Japan to set up base in the country. Myanmar will benefit from new transport corridors through Myanmar to India, Thailand and Malaysia, as a part of China’s One Belt One Road initiative. Freight volume is projected to almost double by 2023, a major reason for high growth projections.