Winter months are heart attack months, said Padma Shri & Dr. B.C. Roy National Awardee, Dr. KK Aggarwal, President, Heart Care Foundation of India. Men and women have about the same adjusted in-hospital death rate for heart attack — but women are more likely to die ifhospitalized for a more severe type of heart attack. According to a report in Circulation, journal of the American Heart Association:
- Women are twice as likely as men to die if hospitalized for a type of heart attack known as ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
- Women are also less likely to receive appropriate and timely treatment for heart attack.
- Women with STEMI have a 12 percent higher relative risk for in-hospital death compared to men.
- Compared to men, women are 14 percent less likely to receive early aspirin; 10 percent less likely to receive beta blockers; 25 percent less likely to receive reperfusion therapy (to restore blood flow); 22 percent less likely to receive reperfusion therapy within 30minutes of hospital arrival; and 13 percent less likely to receive angioplasty within 90 minutes of hospital arrival.
- Women admitted with a STEMI are about twice as likely to die in the first 24 hours of hospitalization as men.