Latest Update on Leprosy cases in the india

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The Government of India has launched National Strategic Plan (NSP) & Roadmap for Leprosy (2023-27) on 30th January, 2023, to achieve zero transmission of leprosy by 2027 i.e. three years ahead of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.3. The NSP and Roadmap contains implementation strategies, year-wise targets, public health approaches and overall technical guidance for the programme. The strategy and roadmap focuses on awareness for zero stigma & discrimination, promotion of early case detection, prevention of disease transmission by prophylaxis (Leprosy Post Exposure Prophylaxis) and roll out of web-based information portal (Nikusth 2.0) for reporting of leprosy cases.

After achieving elimination status at national level, National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) has taken a number of initiatives to encourage early case detection of leprosy patients to prevent Grade 2 Disabilities, and to ensure free of cost treatment of leprosy patients. There are few districts within States/UTs, where leprosy is endemic. With various intervention introduced under NLEP in the last few years, number of new leprosy cases detected have come down to 75,394 in 2021-22 from 1,25,785 in 2014-15, accounting for 53.6% of global new leprosy cases. The current NLEP State-wise data is annexed.

India has achieved the elimination of leprosy as a public health problem as per WHO criteria of less than 1 case per 10,000 population at the National level in 2005.

State wise NLEP data FY 2022-23 (up to Jan’2023)

S.No.State/UTPrevalence Rate (PR)/ 10000 population
1Andhra Pradesh0.5
2Arunachal Pradesh0.1
3Assam0.2
4Bihar0.9
5Chhattisgarh2.3
6Goa0.2
7Gujarat0.4
8Haryana0.1
9Himachal Pradesh0.2
1010 Jharkhand1.4
1111 Jammu & Kashmir0.1
12Karnataka0.3
13Kerala0.1
231414 Madhya Pradesh0.9
1515 Maharashtra1.2
1616 Manipur0.1
1717 Meghalaya0.0
1818 Mizoram0.1
1919 Nagaland0.1
2020 Odisha1.2
2121 Punjab0.2
2222 Rajasthan0.1
2323 Sikkim0.2
2424 Tamil Nadu0.3
2525 Telangana0.7
2626 Tripura0.0
2727 Uttar Pradesh0.4
2828 Uttarakhand0.3
2929 West Bengal0.5
3030 A & N Islands0.1
3131 Chandigarh1.4
3232 D & N Haveli1.0
3333 Daman & Diu0.1
3434 Delhi0.8
3535 Lakshadweep0.0
3636 Ladakh0.3
3737 Puducherry0.1

The Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar

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