The Government of India has launched National Strategic Plan (NSP) & Roadmap for Leprosy (2023-27) on 30th January, 2023, to achieve zero transmission of leprosy by 2027 i.e. three years ahead of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.3. The NSP and Roadmap contains implementation strategies, year-wise targets, public health approaches and overall technical guidance for the programme. The strategy and roadmap focuses on awareness for zero stigma & discrimination, promotion of early case detection, prevention of disease transmission by prophylaxis (Leprosy Post Exposure Prophylaxis) and roll out of web-based information portal (Nikusth 2.0) for reporting of leprosy cases.
After achieving elimination status at national level, National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) has taken a number of initiatives to encourage early case detection of leprosy patients to prevent Grade 2 Disabilities, and to ensure free of cost treatment of leprosy patients. There are few districts within States/UTs, where leprosy is endemic. With various intervention introduced under NLEP in the last few years, number of new leprosy cases detected have come down to 75,394 in 2021-22 from 1,25,785 in 2014-15, accounting for 53.6% of global new leprosy cases. The current NLEP State-wise data is annexed.
India has achieved the elimination of leprosy as a public health problem as per WHO criteria of less than 1 case per 10,000 population at the National level in 2005.
State wise NLEP data FY 2022-23 (up to Jan’2023)
|S.No.||State/UT||Prevalence Rate (PR)/ 10000 population|
|11||11 Jammu & Kashmir||0.1|
|2314||14 Madhya Pradesh||0.9|
|24||24 Tamil Nadu||0.3|
|27||27 Uttar Pradesh||0.4|
|29||29 West Bengal||0.5|
|30||30 A & N Islands||0.1|
|32||32 D & N Haveli||1.0|
|33||33 Daman & Diu||0.1|
The Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar