IS 18590: 2024 & IS 18606: 2024: New EV Safety Standards by BIS


New Standards for Electric Vehicles : In a significant move towards enhancing the safety and quality of electric vehicles (EVs) in India, the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has recently unveiled two pivotal standards: IS 18590: 2024 and IS 18606: 2024. These standards are specifically designed to bolster the safety aspects of electric vehicles across various categories, including L (Light), M (Medium), and N (Heavy).

Ensuring Safety through Enhanced Powertrain Standards

IS 18590: 2024 focuses primarily on the powertrain of electric vehicles, setting forth stringent safety protocols that the powertrain components must adhere to. The powertrain is a critical element of any electric vehicle, encompassing components such as the electric motor, battery pack, and transmission system. By establishing comprehensive safety measures for these components, BIS aims to mitigate risks associated with electric vehicle operation and maintenance.

Emphasis on Secure and High-Performance Batteries

Complementing IS 18590: 2024, IS 18606: 2024 places a strong emphasis on battery safety and performance standards. Batteries are pivotal to the operation and efficiency of electric vehicles, and ensuring they are not only powerful but also secure is paramount. These standards set benchmarks for battery durability, thermal management, and safety features, thereby enhancing the overall reliability and safety of electric vehicles on Indian roads.

Expanding Safety Standards to E-Rickshaws and E-Karts

Recognizing the growing popularity of electric rickshaws (E-rickshaws) and electric karts (E-karts) as sustainable urban mobility solutions, BIS has introduced IS 18294: 2023. This standard is tailored specifically for E-rickshaws and E-karts, addressing unique safety challenges posed by these vehicles. From structural integrity to electrical systems, these standards ensure that E-rickshaws and E-karts meet rigorous safety requirements, safeguarding both drivers and passengers alike.

Comprehensive Approach to Electric Vehicle Safety

With the introduction of these new standards, BIS has now amassed a total of 30 Indian Standards dedicated to electric vehicles and their ancillary systems, including charging infrastructure. This comprehensive framework underscores India’s commitment to fostering a robust ecosystem for electric mobility while prioritizing safety, quality, and sustainability.

Driving India Towards Sustainable Transportation

Electric vehicles represent a pivotal shift towards sustainable transportation in India, aligning with global efforts to reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change. By implementing stringent safety and quality standards, BIS not only promotes consumer confidence in electric vehicles but also paves the way for their widespread adoption across the country.

Impact on the Automotive Industry

The rollout of IS 18590: 2024, IS 18606: 2024, and IS 18294: 2023 is expected to have a profound impact on the automotive industry in India. Automakers and manufacturers will need to adhere to these standards, thereby fostering innovation in electric vehicle technology and manufacturing processes. This adherence ensures that vehicles not only meet regulatory requirements but also exceed consumer expectations for safety and performance.

Future Prospects and Technological Advancements

Looking ahead, the development and implementation of these standards are likely to spur advancements in electric vehicle technology. Manufacturers will innovate to meet or exceed these standards, leading to safer, more reliable, and technologically advanced electric vehicles in the Indian market. Moreover, as electric vehicle adoption continues to rise globally, India stands poised to become a manufacturing hub for cutting-edge electric vehicle technologies.


In conclusion, the introduction of IS 18590: 2024, IS 18606: 2024, and IS 18294: 2023 by the Bureau of Indian Standards marks a significant milestone in the journey towards safer, higher-quality electric vehicles in India. These standards not only enhance the safety and reliability of electric vehicles but also contribute to India’s vision of a sustainable and environmentally friendly transportation ecosystem. As electric mobility continues to evolve, these standards will play a crucial role in shaping the future landscape of transportation in India and beyond.


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