Heat Wave Continues: Urgent Updates from IMD on Scorching Conditions in 12 States

Extreme Heat Triggers
Extreme Heat Triggers

Heat Wave Continues in 12 States Including Punjab, Haryana Today; No Relief for Three Days, Demand for Electricity Also Increased

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) Statement

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued a forecast indicating that the ongoing heat wave is expected to persist in several regions of the country, affecting states such as Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, Jammu division, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Vidarbha, Chhattisgarh, and Odisha. This forecast extends to Monday, with temperatures anticipated to remain exceptionally high. The intensity of the heat has been particularly felt over the past 24 hours, with additional regions, including Jharkhand, experiencing its effects.

Future Temperature Projections

Over the next three days, there is a likelihood of the maximum temperature rising by two to three degrees Celsius across North India. This increase exacerbates the already challenging conditions, posing significant concerns for public health and safety.

Government Response

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has taken proactive measures to address the heat wave situation and prepare for the upcoming monsoon season. In a high-level meeting, PM Modi emphasized the importance of conducting regular fire audits and electrical safety checks in hospitals and public facilities. These initiatives aim to mitigate the risks associated with extreme weather conditions and ensure the well-being of citizens.

Monsoon Outlook

During the meeting, officials briefed the Prime Minister on the anticipated monsoon patterns for the year. It was reported that the monsoon is expected to be normal to above normal in most parts of the country, providing some respite from the prevailing heat wave.

Rainfall in Rajasthan

While North India grapples with scorching temperatures, parts of Rajasthan have received light rainfall accompanied by thunderstorms. Areas such as Bikaner, Jaipur, Bharatpur, Ajmer, and Jodhpur divisions have witnessed rainfall ranging from one to five millimeters. This precipitation has contributed to a slight decrease in temperatures, offering temporary relief to residents.

Orange Alert in Kerala

In contrast to the arid conditions in North India, Kerala is experiencing heavy rainfall. The Meteorological Department has issued an orange alert for rain in the Ernakulam district, with expected precipitation ranging from 11 to 20 centimeters. This alert underscores the significance of preparedness and vigilance in regions prone to excessive rainfall and associated hazards.

Flood Situation in Assam

Meanwhile, the flood situation in Assam remains dire, affecting over six lakh individuals across ten districts. Heavy rains have led to swelling rivers, prompting evacuations and relief efforts. The Kopili, Barak, and Kushiyara rivers are currently flowing above the danger mark, posing a significant threat to affected communities. Immediate measures are required to address the humanitarian crisis and mitigate further damage.

Impact on Electricity Consumption

The prevailing heat wave has resulted in a substantial increase in electricity consumption nationwide. Data indicates a 15% rise in electricity usage, amounting to 156.31 billion units in May compared to the previous year. The surge in demand can be attributed to heightened reliance on cooling devices such as air conditioners and coolers to combat the oppressive heat.

Government Response and Infrastructure

To meet the escalating demand for electricity, the government has ramped up supply, reaching an all-time high of 250.07 gigawatts in May. This proactive approach underscores the government’s commitment to ensuring uninterrupted power supply amid challenging circumstances. Furthermore, projections for peak power demand in June highlight the need for sustained efforts to bolster infrastructure and meet growing energy needs.

Expert Analysis and Projections

Experts anticipate that the high demand for electricity witnessed in the initial days of June will persist throughout the month. The data from June 2023, which recorded a maximum power demand of 224.10 gigawatts, serves as a reference point for assessing future requirements. As such, stakeholders must collaborate to enhance energy efficiency, explore renewable energy sources, and invest in robust infrastructure to address the evolving needs of the populace.

The ongoing heat wave in several states across India poses significant challenges to public health, infrastructure, and the economy. While government interventions and meteorological forecasts provide valuable insights and support, concerted efforts are required at all levels to mitigate the impact of extreme weather events and ensure the well-being of citizens. By prioritizing resilience, sustainability, and innovation, India can navigate the complexities of climate change and emerge stronger and more prepared for future challenges.


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