Close X
Wednesday, January 27th, 2021

Gearing up for E- Needs: Internet Protocol Version Change

Alkesh Tyagi* After the telecom revolution it is now the turn of e-initiatives to change the life of common Indian. The day is not far when the common man will be able to access and process all his needs and deeds from his desktop, laptop or palmtop. The Government is making all efforts to translate the dream of paperless governance into a reality. Over 671 million telephone subscribers, 20 million Broadband connections and 3G services are expected to be rolled out by the end of 2010, targeting 40% rural teledensity and Broadband connectivity to all Gram Panchayats by 2012. Plans are also afoot for delivering financial services using mobile technology. These factors clubbed with e-governance initiatives i.e. mandatory e-delivery of identified services are going to further enhance the magnitude of e-demands. Of 1100 citizen and business centric services targeted for delivery, over 600 services of various Departments of Central and State Governments are now available online-any time, anywhere. With the number of mobile subscribers likely to exceed one billion by 2014, the system has to gear up for the situation. Keeping this in view, the Government decided to facilitate the use of Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6), the Internet technology take Internet to 1.1 billion people, in the country in June 2009. After a year in July 2010, the Government has released the roadmap for Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) deployment in the country in a time bound manner. It has also decided to form an IPv6 Task Force in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode for timely implementation of IPv6 in the country. This roadmap and the formation of the IPv6 Task Force together would enable Indians citizens to start using IPv6 services by March 2012. For this all Telecom and Internet Service providers are required to become IPv6 compliant by December-2011. For smooth and timely transition from Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4) to IPv6 by stakeholders, procurement of IPv6 complaint equipments is being ensured , awareness being created and methodology being worked out for transition from (IPv4) to IPv6. Need for Change Growing demand for new addresses globally and expanding communication networks have necessitated timely action and implementation of new strategies to handle ever increasing e- traffic. Other countries including USA, EU, Japan are deploying IPv6 today. Like a telephone has to have a number for getting connected, a computer has to have an IP address to participate in a Information Communication Technology ICT) network. Traditional communication networks are undergoing a big change and moving into the era of Internet protocol (IP). Nowadays, technology is changing rapidly and the Internet protocol is slowly evolving as the global standard for communication. In future all networks and services will converge to packet based networks running the Internet Protocol. This is very much evident in the deployment of Next generation Networks (NGN) by our service providers, which is the future of telecommunications. The transition to IPv6 is required because in the near future IPv4 addresses will not be available for penetration of broadband and other IP based services. Therefore, IPv6 addresses will be the only choice left. Various Greenfield applications especially in areas like electricity generation and distribution, telemedicine, healthcare, tele-education would accelerate their penetration through the deployment of IPv6. Internet Protocol is a connection-less protocol, in contrast to so-called connection-oriented modes of transmission. Because of this faults like data corruption, lost data packets, duplicate arrival and out-of-order packet delivery; meaning, if packet ‘A’ is sent before packet ‘B’, packet ‘B’ may arrive before packet ‘A’ may occur. To streamline these reliability issues the successor Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) is being deployed actively worldwide. What is Internet Protocol? The Internet Protocol (IP) is one of the determining elements that define the Internet. The Internet Protocol is a protocol used for communicating data across a packet-switched internetwork using the Internet Protocol Suite. IP is the primary protocol in the Internet Layer of the Internet Protocol Suite and has the task of delivering distinguished protocol datagrams (packets) from the source host to the destination host solely based on their addresses. For this purpose the Internet Protocol defines addressing methods and structures for datagram encapsulation. The Internet Protocol specifies that each communication device on a network should have a unique address to communicate globally with other devices on the Network. This unique address is known as IP address. IP Address An Internet Protocol (IP) address is a numerical label that is assigned to devices participating in an ICT network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication between its nodes. The IP address performs 3 main functions of communicating, “Who”, “Where” and “How” on the packet network. Allotment of IP Addresses Various organizations control the allocation of these IP addresses. The apex body in the world for Internet Standards is Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It allocated these IP addresses to Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). IANA is the entity that oversees global IP address allocation and further allocates these addresses to the Regional Internet Registries (RIR), which further allocates them to Internet service providers (ISPs), also sometimes referred to as an Internet access provider (IAP), and other organizations. In case of India, the addresses are allocated by APNIC, the RIR that allocates IP and AS numbers in the Asia Pacific region History of IP versions In May 1974, the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) published a paper authored by Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn. The paper entitled “A Protocol for Packet Network Interconnection” described an internetworking protocol for sharing resources using packet-switching among the nodes. A central control component of this model was the “Transmission Control Program” (TCP) that incorporated both connection-oriented links and datagram services between hosts. This Program later evolved into Transmission Control Protocol at the connection-oriented layer and the Internet Protocol at the internetworking (datagram) layer. The model became known informally as TCP/IP and formally as the Internet Protocol Suite. IPv4 The first major version of addressing structure, now referred to as Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4) is still the dominant protocol of the Internet. It is perceived that IPv4 is very robust and has been around for quite sometime, maybe around 25 years now but it has many limitations too. It has a limited addressing space of only 32 bits and the free pool of IPv4 addresses will be exhausted very soon. The IANA pool is likely to exhaust by October-2011. As far as India is concerned, the addresses are allocated by APNIC and currently we have approximately 18.5 million unique IPv4 addresses. It is estimated that within a year’s time about 60 million new addresses will be needed for various broadband and e-governance initiatives. IPv6 IPv6 is the next generation Internet Protocol with improvement over the initial version of IPv4. It is a scalable Internet technology with a potential to help the Internet reach 1.1 billion people of India. The role of IPv6 is not limited to Internet access alone but it is important in Defence, e-Governance and other crucial government projects. IP security in IPv6 provides end-to-end security implying that data is secured from the originating workstation through various routers of the Internet to the destined workstation. IPv6 has 128 bits as compared to the limited addressing space of only 32 bits in IPv4. The new Internet protocol will give practically unlimited addresses besides a host of new and advanced features for running the future communication networks. The transition from IPv4 to IPv6 in the country is of critical concern in view of the changing ICT scenario in the country. The transition from IPv4 to IPv6 is not simply a protocol upgrade. It involves hardware changes also in addition to software. Moreover, it cannot be done overnight. It needs time; therefore both IPv4 and IPv6 will co-exist for many more years to come. *Dy. Director (C&IT), Press Information Bureau, New Delhi.

Comments

CAPTCHA code

Users Comment

Kitchen backsplash, says on June 12, 2012, 12:18 AM

...... Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News. Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I've been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Thank you...

link pyramid, says on April 6, 2012, 3:15 PM

My opinion is ...... Perfect just what I was looking for! ....

new ipad, says on March 8, 2012, 2:02 PM

{Jυst|Juѕt|Jυѕt} read {thiѕ|tһiѕ|tһis|thіѕ|thіs|tһіs} ...... Assisted mе а lot, jυѕt wһаt I wаs looking fоr : D....

red dead redemption undead nightmare unicorn, says on January 1, 2012, 11:10 PM

Great website…... [...]here are some hyper-links to sites that we link to as we feel they are really worth browsing[...]…...

lunette tag heuer, says on December 23, 2011, 9:15 PM

Lunettes Tag Heuer... [...]I see you recognize a lot about what you are writing about. Interesting study. I got some intriguing concepts from this[...]...

Vagus Nerve Disorders, says on December 20, 2011, 7:22 PM

Trackback for a Great Article…... [... ]Left you a trackback for your readers to get more info[... ]……...

Foal Color Calculator, says on December 14, 2011, 12:16 AM

Trackback for a Great Article…... [... ]Left you a trackback for your readers to get more info[... ]……...

Chicken Recipes For Dinner, says on December 11, 2011, 6:20 PM

Great website…... [...]here are some hyper-links to sites that we link to as we feel they are really worth browsing[...]…...

house prices information, says on November 29, 2011, 4:53 AM

How To Discover House Prices... [...]We all know that right knowledge can be very important when we are doing something new and especially if it is something very important..[...]...

reverse phone call lookup, says on November 21, 2011, 2:53 PM

reverse phone call lookup Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I'm impressed! Extremely useful info specifically the last part :) I care for such info much. I was looking for this particular information for a long time. Thank you and... Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I'm impressed! Extremely useful info specifically the last part :) I care for such info much. I was looking for this particular information for a long time. Thank you and good luck....

grease monkey coupons, says on November 20, 2011, 10:50 PM

Cool sites…... [...]we came across a cool site that you might enjoy. Take a look if you want[...]……...

antenna geoselector, says on November 19, 2011, 5:50 PM

Recommeneded websites…... usually posts some very interesting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site...

invest liberty reserve, says on November 18, 2011, 10:51 PM

invest liberty reserve I think this is among the most significant information for me. And i'm glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The web site style is wonderful, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers... I think this is among the most significant information for me. And i'm glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The web site style is wonderful, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers...

brooksglycerin8, says on November 17, 2011, 4:15 AM

brooksglycerin8... [...]just beneath, are many entirely not associated web sites to ours, even so, they are surely worth going over[...]...

cellulose extraction thimbles, says on November 16, 2011, 8:17 PM

You may have come across a number of ways by which you can get eliminate early ejaculation and also fight off premature ejaculation.

Buy 8 Items Accessory Combo Kit for Sony Walkman E Series Walkman NWZ-E353 amp NWZ-E354 Includes Black Silicone Skin Case Cover Armband Belt Clip LCD Screen Protector USB Wall Charger USB Car Charger 2in1 USB Data Cable and Light Blue Fishbone Style Keych, says on November 12, 2011, 3:13 AM

zonBuyer.com... Find the hottest deals on web today!...

carbo, says on November 10, 2011, 6:32 AM

I consider something truly special in this web site .

where to go on vacation, says on November 9, 2011, 9:56 PM

Tips for Selecting Where to go On Vacation... [...] If you are considering where to go on vacation, it is important to weigh your options carefully and ensure you understand what you like. [...]...

Toenail Removal, says on November 9, 2011, 7:23 PM

Toenail removal care... [...] After a successful toenail removal, it’s very important to give it the right care so you will get no complications and have a fast recovery. [...]...

Taylor T5, says on November 8, 2011, 11:42 PM

Taylor T5... [...] Taylor T5 is a line of guitar manufactured by the leading manufactures of acoustic, electric and acoustic electric guitars. [...]...

Brother DCP-7040, says on November 8, 2011, 8:51 PM

Brother DCP-7040... [...] Brother DCP-7040 is an all in one printer-copier and scanner that makes it easy for users to carry out all these functions with ease. [...]...

easy shove, says on November 3, 2011, 8:22 AM

What's a good fun blogging site to use with another person?... My bestfriend and I want to create a blogging site, but we dont know which one to use. We basically will just be uploading random stuff about anything but we want the site to be fun and decorative, not just a plain layout.....

jason, says on November 1, 2011, 2:05 AM

After examine a number of of the weblog posts on your web site now, and I actually like your manner of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website checklist and will likely be checking back soon. Pls check out my website online as properly and let me know what you think.

Zox Pro, says on October 29, 2011, 6:15 AM

Zen Mastery... [...]If you are conscious when working at your projects you will do more than if you have no ideas..[...]...

Holiday Cottages Fife, says on October 26, 2011, 7:11 AM

Just Wonderful... This is insanely lovely....

Thermal Transmittance U Value, says on October 25, 2011, 4:46 PM

Recommendations... One web site which I would suggest for further research....

Fiji Resort, says on October 25, 2011, 4:34 PM

Family fun... My nephew mentioned your blog. I am now a regular reader....

Log Cabins Loch Lomond, says on October 25, 2011, 1:44 PM

Directions... Here are some things I should pursue....

Pine Fire Doors, says on October 16, 2011, 2:15 PM

Its hard to find good help... I am constantnly saying that its difficult to procure quality help, but here is...

tamion riun, says on October 11, 2011, 12:20 AM

Check this out... [...] that is the end of this article. Here you’ll find some sites that we think you’ll appreciate, just click the links over[...]…...

impropientantrismiko, says on September 30, 2011, 2:58 AM

Blogs ou should be reading... [...]Here is a Great Blog You Might Find Interesting that we Encourage You[...]…...

Accident Videos, says on September 14, 2011, 5:54 PM

Accident Videos... If you want a great to watch funny accident videos then check out my site....

Samochody Allegro, says on August 29, 2011, 3:38 AM

My husband and i have been really satisfied John could complete his web research from your ideas he acquired from your weblog. It is now and again perplexing just to always be making a gift of facts that many the others could have been selling. We discover we have the writer to give thanks to for this. Most of the illustrations you made, the straightforward website menu, the friendships your site assist to instill - it is all fantastic, and it's really helping our son in addition to the family do think this subject matter is thrilling, and that's tremendously mandatory. Thanks for the whole thing!

how to eye exercises, says on August 25, 2011, 2:09 AM

Improve your vision naturally!... Thanks. Left you a trackback to help your readers improve eye vision naturally....

Motorola 89336N H790 Bluetooth Headset, says on June 23, 2011, 9:34 AM

I'm just commenting to let you understand of the fabulous experience my wife's child developed reading through yuor web blog. She figured out numerous pieces, with the inclusion of what it's like to possess a very effective giving heart to let many more without hassle understand some tricky issues. You undoubtedly did more than her expectations. Many thanks for providing these effective, safe, informative and also unique tips on that topic to Evelyn.

Alegro aukcje, says on June 11, 2011, 6:53 AM

This actually answered my downside, thanks!

zithromax, says on May 30, 2011, 6:44 AM

Bravo, ciГІ che la corretta parole ... un'altra idea

world of warcaft botting, says on May 15, 2011, 11:02 PM

What a great post!

Jerry West Jersey, says on May 14, 2011, 1:20 PM

I see like I'm constantly looking by reason of gripping things to be familiar with about a heterogeneity of topics, but I succeed to classify your situate develop into my reads every prime because you organize compelling entries that I look help to.

Women Want Me, says on February 10, 2011, 5:31 AM

Nice, I just stumbled on your website and I've got to say that i am impressed! I'll have to spend an afternoon going over your older posts.

Domain Name Definition – A Simple Explanation – Secured Loans | Debt Consolidation | Secured Loans, says on September 20, 2010, 11:54 PM

[...] Gearing up for E- Needs: Internet Protocol Version Change | International News and Views [...]

Definition of Data Recovery: – Retrieve What you _Thought was Gone Forever – Secured Loans | Debt Consolidation | Secured Loans, says on September 20, 2010, 11:37 PM

[...] Gearing up for E- Needs: Internet Protocol Version Change | International News and Views [...]

Global Crossing becomes InformationWeek 500 Award for the eight? ME ann? E stupidly? Cutive | Uncategorized | Information about VoIP phone service!, says on September 20, 2010, 10:41 PM

[...] Gearing up for E- Needs: Internet Protocol Version Change | International News and Views [...]

Wireless Security Camera iPhone View | Weather Proof Security Cameras, says on September 20, 2010, 9:09 PM

[...] Gearing up f&#959r E- Needs: Internet Protocol Version Change | International News &#1072nd Views [...]