New Delhi  : The G-20 Summit stands as a pivotal event that brings together leaders from across the world to discuss and address pressing global issues. The 2023 G-20 Summit, slated to be held in New Delhi, has garnered significant attention, particularly due to the eagerness of US President Joe Biden to attend. However, his Chinese counterpart, President Xi Jinping’s decision not to participate has raised eyebrows and stirred disappointment. This article delves into the intricacies of this situation, shedding light on the significance of the G-20 Summit and the implications of Jinping’s absence.

The Anticipation: Joe Biden’s Eager Journey to India

US President Joe Biden has been eagerly anticipating his trip to India to attend the G-20 Summit, which is scheduled for September 9-10, 2023. The G-20 Summit, as a gathering of influential global leaders, holds immense importance in the world of diplomacy. President Biden expressed his excitement about traveling to India this week to partake in this historic event, signaling the value the United States places on its relationship with India.

On September 7, President Biden is set to arrive in India to participate in the G-20 Summit. The following day, September 8, is earmarked for a bilateral meeting between President Biden and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the summit. This meeting underscores the strong and growing ties between the two nations, as they collaborate on a wide range of issues, from trade to climate change.

India Takes the Center Stage: Hosting the G-20 Summit

India, as the chair of the G-20 in 2023, takes center stage by hosting this prestigious gathering of world leaders. The country assumes a pivotal role in orchestrating the proceedings and setting the agenda for discussions that will shape the global landscape. Hosting the G-20 Summit is not only an honor for India but also an opportunity to showcase its diplomatic prowess and its commitment to addressing critical global challenges.

The Disappointment: Xi Jinping’s Absence

Amidst the excitement surrounding the G-20 Summit, disappointment looms over the absence of Chinese President Xi Jinping. The White House confirmed that Xi Jinping would not be attending the G-20 Summit in New Delhi. This absence is notable, given China’s significance in global affairs and its role as a major player in the G-20.

Media reports also indicate that Russian President Vladimir Putin will not participate in the G-20 Summit. This further underscores the importance of President Xi Jinping’s absence, as it leaves a void in the representation of two major global powers.

The Quest for Confirmation

Muktesh Pardeshi, Special Secretary of G-20 India, expressed India’s stance on the matter. He emphasized that India is awaiting written confirmation from China regarding President Xi Jinping’s participation in the G-20 leaders’ summit. While there have been news reports suggesting that Prime Minister Li Qiang may attend in President Xi Jinping’s place, India places a premium on formal written confirmations, and none has been received as of yet.

It is worth noting that Chinese Premier Li Qiang is expected to visit India after attending the East Asia Summit in Jakarta. This could potentially be a significant diplomatic engagement, and it will be interesting to observe how it unfolds in the broader context of international relations.

A Historical Perspective: Jinping’s Previous Absence

This is not the first time President Xi Jinping has chosen not to participate in a G-20 Summit. In 2021, Jinping did not attend the G-20 Summit held in Italy. His absence during that summit was attributed to the sanctions imposed by China in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Such decisions have repercussions on the global stage, as the G-20 is a platform for world leaders to collaborate on critical issues.

Muktesh Pardeshi, in shedding light on the communication protocol for world leaders’ participation in such summits, noted that it typically involves a diplomatic note. Regarding Xi Jinping’s participation, he stated, “I think confirmation is awaited in this regard, we have received confirmations from most of the countries.” This comment highlights the significance India attaches to formal confirmations from participating nations.

Stellar Lineup: Leaders Confirmed for the Summit

Despite the disappointments, the G-20 Summit in New Delhi is set to witness a stellar lineup of world leaders. Apart from President Biden, the following leaders have already confirmed their participation:

  • French President Emmanuel Macron
  • Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese
  • German Chancellor Olaf Scholz
  • British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak
  • Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida
  • Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva

This diverse assembly of leaders represents a wide array of nations and underscores the global importance of the G-20 Summit.

Transition of G-20 Presidency

A significant moment during the G-20 Summit will be the transition of the presidency from Prime Minister Narendra Modi to President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva of Brazil. This transition is scheduled for September 10, marking the formal handover of responsibilities. Brazil is poised to assume the presidency of the G-20 on December 1, 2023, signifying its growing influence in the global arena.

In conclusion, the 2023 G-20 Summit in New Delhi promises to be a momentous event in international diplomacy. While President Joe Biden eagerly anticipates his visit to India, the absence of Chinese President Xi Jinping has generated disappointment and intrigue. India, as the host and chair of the G-20, plays a crucial role in shaping the global agenda. With a diverse lineup of world leaders confirmed to attend, this summit holds the potential to address critical global challenges and foster international cooperation.


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