Estimation of Rabi and Kharif Crops 2023

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INVC NEWS
New Delhi ,

Paddy crop is grown both in kharif and rabi seasons in the country. For the current agricultural year 2022-23, 1st advance estimates covering only kharif crops has been released so far, according to which the production of kharif rice is estimated at 104.99 million tonnes. The 1st kharif rice production estimate is lesser by 6.77 million tonnes (6.06%) as compared to 111.76 million tonnes of kharif rice production estimated during 2021-22 (4th Advance Estimates). However, the current kharif rice production estimate is higher by 4.40 million tonnes (4.37%) than the average kharif rice production (2016-17 to 2020-21) of 100.59 million tonnes. The2nd advance estimates covering all crops (kharif & rabi) is released in the month of February which incorporates Rabi Rice production estimate and revised kharif rice production estimate.

Wheat is a rabi crop and the 2nd advance estimates covering all crops (Kharif and Rabi) are released in the month of February. However, the production estimate of major kharif crops as per 1st Advance estimate 2022-23 are at Annexure I.

The procurement of rice under Kharif Marketing Season (KMS) 2022-23 is 237.27 lakh tonnes (as on 06.12.2022).  The central pool stock of rice and wheat (as on 01.12.2022) is as under:

CropCentral Pool Stock (Lakh Tonnes)
Rice115.42
Wheat190.27
Total305.69

The 2nd advance estimates of major crops for the agricultural year (July – June) covering all rabi crops are released in the month of February. Therefore, it is too early to comment uponcrop estimates and planned procurement for storage of rabi crops.

The details of arable land and Net irrigated area in the country, state-wise as per latest data available i.e. 2018-19 is at Annexure II.

This information was given by the Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar  in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.

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          SNC/PK/MS

Annexure I.

CropProduction#               (Million tonnes)
Rice104.99
Bajra9.75
Maize23.10
Tur3.89
Urad1.84
Moong1.75
Total Pulses8.37
Total Foodgrains149.92
Groundnut8.37
Soyabean12.89
Total Oilseeds23.57
Sugarcane465.05
Cotton ^34.19
Jute & Mesta ^^10.09

# – 1st Advance Estimates Kharif Only^ – Million bales of 170 kgs. each^^ – Million bales of 180 kgs. Each

Annexure II.

                                                                                                       (in thousand hectares)

State / UTCultivable land / Culturable land / Arable landNet Irrigated Area 
Andhra Pradesh89972796
Arunachal Pradesh42455
Assam3305366
Bihar65733115
Chhattisgarh55701565
Goa19716
Gujarat*126614233
Haryana38173273
Himachal Pradesh816117
Jammu & Kashmir1091329
Jharkhand4319231
Karnataka128304032
Kerala2235404
Madhya Pradesh1712111349
Maharashtra*207193145
Manipur*44872
Meghalaya1011101
Mizoram*36716
Nagaland678118
Odisha66751092
Punjab42334111
Rajasthan254848283
Sikkim*9715
Tamil Nadu81092565
Telangana67672210
Tripura27087
Uttarakhand1548323
Uttar Pradesh1877514392
West Bengal*56153107
Andaman & Nicobar Islands280
Chandigarh *10
Dadra & Nagar Haveli202
Daman & Diu3
Delhi*5322
Lakshadweep3
Puducherry2813
All India18088871554

                      * Provisional  /Note:’0′ relates to the area below 500 Hectares

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