Chronic kidney disease is heart disease
The two main causes of chronic kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure, which are responsible for up to two-thirds of the cases. This was stated by Padma Shri & Dr. B.C. Roy National Awardee, Dr. KK Aggarwal, President, Heart Care Foundation of India.
The time is to reduce the need of the kidney transplants in the country. Over 40% of the patients needing transplant have either diabetes or high blood pressure. If the community’s BP and sugar are kept under control over 50% of the kidney transplants can be avoided at any given time. Mild to moderate CKD is associated with an adverse cardiovascular prognosis Renal dysfunction is defined by a serum creatinine concentration that exceeds 1.5 mg/dL(133 µmol/L) or an estimated glomerular filtration rate that is less than 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2.
Also, chronic kidney disease can cause high blood pressure. The Facts about Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
• Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney
disease to kidney failure. • Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD. • Glomerular filtration rate is the best estimate of kidney function. • Hypertension causes CKD and CKD causes hypertension.
• Persistent proteinuria (proteins in the urine) means CKD.
• High risk groups include those with diabetes, hypertension and family history of kidney disease.
•Three simple tests can detect CKD: blood pressure, urine albumin and serum creatinine (blood test).