China disputes the International Boundary between India and China. There is no commonly delineated Line of Actual Control (LAC) between the two countries. From time to time, on account of differences in the perception of the LAC, situations have arisen on the ground that could have been avoided if we had a common perception of the LAC. Since 1993, the two Governments have agreed to maintain peace and tranquility in the border areas pending a final settlement of the Boundary Question. Prime Ministers of India and China reiterated this understanding during their meeting in Thailand in October, 2009.
Government is aware that China is developing the infrastructure in the border regions opposite India in Tibet Autonomous Region. Government keeps a constant watch on all developments having a bearing on India’s interests and takes all necessary measures to protect them. India and China have established a Strategic and Cooperative Partnership. There are regular political contacts between the leaders of the two countries. The functional cooperation between the two countries is expanding in all areas. Both sides have agreed that they are committed to resolving outstanding differences, including on the Boundary Question, through peaceful negotiations, while ensuring that such differences are not allowed to affect the positive development of bilateral relations.