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Saturday, January 16th, 2021

Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Data Analytics, may challenge the human employment


INVC NEWS  
Shenzhen China ,

The "International Conference of Industrial Applications of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence (BDAI-2020)" was organized by the Hong Kong Society of Mechanical Engineers from 26th to 28th November, 2020 in the city of Shenzhen, China. The main objective of the conference was to bring together scientists, engineers and researchers to discuss the management of industrial applications, Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence and Big Data Analytics. Four world renowned experts, scientists and professors from Canada, USA, Australia and India were invited as keynote speakers at the conference.

International IT Advisor of ILO, Prof. DP Sharma, delivered the keynote address on the topic "Artificial Intelligence, Data Analytics Technology Disruptions and Human Survival Model". He  added that the world's rapid development model has brought humanity to the stage of 360 degree globalized challenges. Today we are looking only at the 180-degree frontend. We are unaware that in the development of science, what challenges have we posed to humanity in the past in the 180 degree backend. In the coming times, these extremes of development if not be uncontrolled, the entire human civilization may be challenged. Recently, we have seen the scene of the corona epidemic where the whole world is forced to look into the mirror of death. We have been ignoring the backend, 180 degree mistakes and experiences of history. Dr. Sharma, through his case study and research, explained how this model of development of industrial automation applications and artificial intelligence has not only begun to challenge human civilization and its employment but can also take a multi-faceted dangerous turn in the future. He added - There is no doubt that the rapid development of Artificial Intelligence, Big Data Technology, Robotization, Industrial Automation, and Digitalization has created a lot of innovative technological dimensions, employment opportunities and facilities. But there is also no denying that we have also created a spate of challenges which can take the form of a multi-faceted challenge for employment generation in times to come. We have been ignoring them for a long time.The result of the 180 degree backend of the uncontrolled development of science and technology, Dark zone has started coming to the surface after the corona epidemic today and machines and robots are challenging humans and their jobs. Robots and machines are not affected by any Covid-like virus nor infection /
Dr. Sharma said that science and technology are technical means of giving a convenient life to human civilization but the challenges that extreme dependency has created, the multifaceted challenges have forced us to rethink where we are heading.


He said that God has given us beautiful life to be useful, meaningful, and purposeful, but we have surrendered to the irrational vices of science and technology we have created. Today, we stand far ahead in the era of science and technology system, from where it is not possible to return, but it can reduce, prevent and prevent its long-term and rapid side effects. Dr. Sharma said that I am a professor and scientist of technology, I should praise and advocate the development of technology and technology because it is my profession. But today I am not able to advocate this because I can see very well the smoke emanating from its multi-dimensional dangers.

Dr. Sharma linked the principle of "natural justice" to the principle of "justice of science" and said that - God has given us immense intellectual abilities like listening, watching, thinking and communicating. Not available with other living beings, but are we able to follow the principle of natural justice? Here natural justice means that we should place our duties first and rights second, but in reality we are going in exactly the opposite direction. Science and technology has made the whole world a market where there are only commodities and trade in the market, but humanity is looking for humane perspective itself.

We are developing a market of technology and science where our basic objective has become only profitable and productive. The principle of natural justice can guide us, motivate us, and show us the right way, but we are ignoring it. The latest dimensions of technology and technological development like Artificial Intelligence and Automation were helpful to workers in many fields and facilitated and simplified the performance but today they have started taking the place of human beings. We are excited about it's powerful contribution, but also worried about the challenges to humanity. Today we cannot return to a world where there is no science, no technology. We have to create a world where there is a proper balance between science, technology as well as the challenges and opportunities to humanity and human existence.


Professor Sharma said; Today we need to rearrange, re-design, reevaluate and reorganize our existing systems of science and technologies.

He called upon-

Let's try to integrate human values with technical values.


Let's try to integrate human values with business values.


Let's try to integrate human values with scientific values.


Speaking on the land of China, Dr. Sharma while referring to the Coronavirus originated from the land of China, said that today, Corona has not only challenged us, but almost defeated us. Till yesterday we were talking about settlements on Mars and Moon, making plans,…… but disintegrated in front of unknown Ajatashatru Corona, and scattered. From America to Australia and Europe to Africa, even today, there is an awe of fear everywhere.
Dr. Sharma called that, beyond these challenges, let us  try to integrate experimental knowledge with experiential knowledge, archaic knowledge with new knowledge.

Due to man's total dependence on machines, life will be miserable in times to come. He also mentions that machines are salable while humans are not.


Prof. Sharma said that today we are moving from Industrial Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Industrial Process Automation on the path of automation in order to increase productivity and reduce costs. Initially, in this journey of Artificial Intelligence and Automation (macros and scripts), a specific application such as Rule Based Automation within Excel was the main one with high transmission data. Later, in business process automation, business processes were restructured through technology to optimize workflow and reduce labor costs. Subsequently, the robotic process automation (RPA) phase began in which automation of labor-intensive tasks and repetition activities was carried out on a large scale. The real challenge of science and technology on human jobs started from this stage. Subsequently, the next phase of Intelligence Process Automation (IPA) began to challenge employment opportunities around the world, particularly in assembly line automation where the Industrial Internet of Things took its first steps.

Prof. Sharma said that Assisted Intelligence and Augmented Intelligence did not exclude humans from the competition. But Automated Intelligence and Autonomous Intelligence have began to drive humans out of the competition, posing a serious challenge to the preservation and survival of the human generation. Started in 2016, the real business journey of Artificial Intelligence will reach its zenith by 2030 with an estimated $ 15.7 trillion contribution to global GDP i.e. 60% for consumption contribution and 40% for productivity contribution.

Dr. Sharma explained in detail the most important of these technical challenges - the human aspect, the environmental aspect, the employment aspect, the security and the privacy aspects.

He said that God has given us beautiful life to be useful, meaningful, and purposeful, but we have surrendered to the irrational vices of science and technology we have created. Today, we stand far ahead in the era of science and technological system from where it is not possible to return, but its long-term and rapid side effects can be reduced.

He linked the principle of natural justice to the principle of justice of science and said,

God has given us immense intellectual abilities like listening, watching, thinking and communicating. All these abilities are not available to any creature other than human beings, but are we able to follow the principle of natural justice? Here natural justice means that we should place our duties first and rights second, but in reality we are going in exactly the opposite direction. Science and technology has made the whole world a market where there are only commodities and trade in the market, but humanity is looking for humanity itself.

We are developing a market of technology and science where our basic objective has become only high profit and productivity. The principle of natural justice can guide us,  motivate us, and show us the right and just way, but we are ignoring it. The latest dimensions of science and technological development such as Artificial Intelligence and Automation were helpful to workers in many fields and facilitated and simplified the performance but today they have started  replacing humans. We are excited about the new dimensions of scientific development but also concerned about the challenges of humanity. Today we cannot return to a world where there is no science, no technology. We have to create a world where there is a proper balance between science, technology as well as the challenges and opportunities of humanity and human existence.

Professor Sharma said; Today we need to rearrange, re-design, reevaluate and reorganize the existing systems of science and technologies.

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