Annual Generation of E-Waste Less than 1 KG Per Capita Against 15 KG Per Capita of EU Per Annum

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INVC,,

Delhi,,

The generation of e-waste is expected to increase to about 8.0 lakh MT by 2012 in the country. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), carried out a survey which estimated 1.47 lakh MT of e-waste was generated in the country in the year 2005. As per the Inventory Assessment Manual of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), 2007; it is estimated that e-waste generation in European Union is about 14 to 15 kg per capita per annum. In countries like China and India, annual generation per capita is less than 1 kg.

The E-waste disposal practices in Western countries are based on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) concept. The Ministry of Environment and Forests has notified the Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2008 for proper management and handling of hazardous wastes, which include e-waste. As per these Rules, units handling e-waste are required to register with CPCB. The waste generated is required to be sent or sold to a registered or authorized recycler or re-processor or re-user having environmentally sound facilities for recovery of metals, plastics, etc. The Guidelines for Environmentally Sound Management of e-waste published by CPCB in 2008 provide approach and methodology for environmentally sound management of e-waste. These include details such as e-waste composition and recycle potential of items of economic value, identification of possible hazardous contents in e-waste, the recycle, re-use and recovery options, treatment and disposal options and the environmentally sound e-waste treatment technologies. The Guidelines emphasize the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility.

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