Close X
Saturday, December 5th, 2020

Agricultural research for inclusive growth

Dr. S. Ayyappan** dian agriculture has witnessed momentous growth during the last 60 years. The food grain production increased by 4 times, horticultural crops and milk by 6 times, fish by 9 times and eggs by 27 times since 1950-51. The country harvested a record 230 million tonnes of food grains, produced 6.87 million tonnes of fish and more than 100 million tonnes of milk during 2008-09. It could not have been possible but for the pioneering role of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in ushering green revolution and other major developments in agriculture and allied sectors through its research and technological excellence. With a strong base for planning, promotion, execution and coordination of agricultural research and education to meet emerging challenges in the country and wide network of Institutes spread across the country the ICAR has significantly contributed to overall development of farm and related sectors. 45 Research Institutes, 4 Deemed Universities, 6 National Bureaux , 17 National Research Centres, 25 Directorates/Project Directorates, 61 All India Coordinated Research Projects and 17 Network Projects, 45 State Agricultural Universities (including one with Deemed University status), one Central Agricultural University and 570 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) are the part of nationwide network of ICAR. Delayed and deficient monsoon coupled with flash floods in parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka in recent months affected the Indian agriculture in kharif 2009. Government’s timely response to the exigency and technology-driven contingency plans greatly contributed to protect the standing crops as well as mitigating the drought effects to minimize the adverse impact on kharif production. Sound and scientific location-specific advisories were disseminated across the country to grow short-duration rice varieties, low-water consuming crops and feed and fodder crops. Mobilization of quality seeds was streamlined in coordination with sister organizations at central and state levels. Steps have been taken to augment production and productivity of rabi crops to at least partially offset the losses in kharif. Acreage under wheat, winter/boro rice, pulses, maize, sorghum and bajra are being increased to have higher yields/production. One hundred thirty one varieties/hybrids of major food crops for different agro-climatic regions of the country were released/identified, besides a few varieties in plantation and horticultural crops. A total of 7,340 tonnes of breeder seed of field crop varieties and over 25 lakh planting material were produced and distributed. Gene sources for resistance to Ug99 rust with new genes have been located. Through efforts of biodiversity conservation, fingerprints of 44 grape accessions of commercial importance were developed. Cost-effective amelioration technologies for waterlogged, salt affected and acid soils have also been developed. To meet the challenges of climate change in agriculture, National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management has been established by ICAR at Baramati, Maharashtra. Two major institutions, the National Institute on Biotic Stress Management and Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology are in the process of establishment to address the impact of biotic stresses and harness potentials of emerging tools of biotechnology in agriculture. Two hybrid varieties and 8 high yielding varieties of rice have been developed and released for different agro-eco system. Besides this, a new wheat variety Pusa Baker (HS 490) with a seed potential upto 5 t/ha and durum wheat variety ‘Malva Kranti’ (HI 8638) for rainfed and limited irrigation conditions of Madhya Pradesh have been developed. A pond-based farming technology has been developed for waterlogged areas that can enhance net water productivity and net returns in rice. The standardization of a novel hand guided cloning technique in cattle for the first time in the world and the birth of buffalo calf ‘Garima’, produced through this technique, is a significant achievement. Efforts to provide timely support in diagnosis of Avian Influenza (AI) has led to international recognition of High Security Animal Disease Laboratory (HSADL) at Bhopal. Fisheries has emerged as a sector with great potential to ensure food, livelihood and nutritional security. Through various technological interventions, marine fish landings exceeded 3.2 million tonnes, recording an increase of about 11 % over the estimates of the previous year. Forensic investigations using DNA bar coding technique helped in identification of whale shark meat, designated as endangered species. A comprehensive accreditation system is under implementation to ensure quality of education, strengthening of infrastructure and faculty improvement in 45 State Agricultural Universities. Accreditation was granted to five SAUs during the year, taking the number to 33 till date. A national core group revised the course curricula and syllabi of 95 courses in Master’s and 80 courses in Doctoral programmes. Introduction of international fellowships during the year was a major milestone in globalizing higher agricultural education. Besides, 368 e-courses for degree programmes have been introduced and created repository of 3,852 e-theses and provided online access to 1,088 research journals in 126 libraries. In an effort to build capacity in high-end research such as molecular breeding, genomics and transgenics, allele mining bioremediation, nanotechnology, diagnostics etc. scientists from ICAR institutes and teachers from State Agricultural Universities were trained in best of the laboratories of the world. Over 150 agricultural tools/implements and machines have been developed for timely farm operations, drudgery reduction and efficient input use for various field and horticultural crops. A tractor-mounted cumin planter was developed to save 30% of seed. For pomegranate a motorized aril extractor was developed with 94% separation efficiency and 500 kg/hour capacity. For commercial-scale groundnut milk production, processing technology developed and equipment fabricated having 250 litre per day capacity. To facilitate assessment, refinement and demonstration of technology/products, a total number of 570 KVKs have been established so far against the XI plan target of 667 KVKs in all the rural districts of the country. In an effort to enhance farmers’ capacity and skills, about 56,000 training programmes were organized benefitting about 15 lakh farmers and farm women, rural youth and extension workers. To promote production-to-consumption chains for maximizing farmers’ profits, 51 models developed for different agricultural commodities. Thirty six models of technological innovation-based sustainable rural livelihood initiatives introduced in 102 of 150 most disadvantaged districts, benefitted 50,000 farm families. For the first time non-conventional partners were brought into the partnerships in National Agricultural Research through the National Agricultural Innovation Project. They include IITs, IIMs, CSIR laboratories and enterprises of private sector and NGOs. The project, with its approach and expense, has become a model for other countries to emulate. The Guidelines formulated at ICAR for Intellectual Property Management and Commercialization of Technologies, intense capacity building efforts were undertaken which resulted in filing of 55 patents applications from 13 ICAR institutes during the year. *Secretary, Department of Agricultural Research & Education, & Director General, Indian Council of Agricultural Research.



Users Comment

Marketing Automation, says on January 2, 2012, 12:52 PM

Should I stay or should I go now... At the moment I have to determine whether to read more of the blog, or go to some other site....

Online LMS, says on January 2, 2012, 2:09 AM

Why not more... Now can you add a bit more substance to the topic....

Chicken Recipes For Dinner, says on December 30, 2011, 1:48 PM

Cool sites…... [...]we came across a cool site that you might enjoy. Take a look if you want[...]……...

antenna geoselector, says on November 19, 2011, 10:25 PM

Recommeneded websites…... I saw this really good post today....

Pampers Babydry, says on November 17, 2011, 2:46 PM


Chicago Electric Power Tools, says on October 27, 2011, 8:05 PM

Chicago Electric Power Tools... I saw this really good post today....

5 Panel Drug Tests, says on October 25, 2011, 11:36 PM

What... I can impartially state that we have no idea what you're on about....

Woollen Blankets, says on October 25, 2011, 11:36 PM

A Chuckle... I scanned this sweet excellent post earlier....

Elie Holiday Cottages, says on October 25, 2011, 4:01 PM

Waiting is hard... I can't wait for the weekend, but in the interim, I scanned these insightful words....

U Value Formula, says on October 25, 2011, 5:54 AM

Spawned further interest... I know you will know they need to dive into even more on this....

Loch Lomond Lodges, says on October 24, 2011, 10:09 PM

Impatient... I cannot wait for the weekend, but in the interim, I perused the writing....

Stalla CFA Level 1, says on October 24, 2011, 5:55 AM

Should I stay or should I go now... Currently I must decide whether to continue reading of the web blog, or go to some other site....

External Doors, says on October 16, 2011, 1:54 PM

Dreary Day... It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around online and realized...

personal injury claim, says on October 6, 2011, 4:23 PM

Dreary Day... It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around online and found...

textile business news, says on September 9, 2011, 11:02 AM

Online Article…... [...]The information mentioned in the article are some of the best available [...]......

Yosh, says on September 6, 2011, 1:19 PM

Best Links 2011... hello there and thank you for your info – I have definitely picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical issues using this website, since I experienced to reload the website lots of times previous to I could get it t...

online degree, says on August 31, 2011, 10:56 PM

Get your online degree!... Left you a trackback for your readers to help them get an online degree....

zdjecia slubne lodz, says on August 28, 2011, 5:20 PM

I thought it was going to be some boring old site, but I’m glad I visited! I will post a link to this page on my blog!! I am sure my visitors will find that very useful!!, says on August 8, 2011, 3:07 PM

Improve your vision naturally!... Thanks. Left you a trackback to help your readers improve eye vision naturally....

zero friction marketing, says on April 17, 2011, 6:48 PM

I cannot thank you adequately for the blogposts on your web site. I know you placed a lot of time and energy into all of them and really hope you know how deeply I appreciate it. I hope I'll do the same person sometime.

egipt, says on March 29, 2011, 11:51 PM

Have your thought about adding some social bookmark buttons to your blog posts! You should at least add one for Digg so we can digg you up.

los angeles jobs, says on March 14, 2011, 7:46 AM

I thought it was going to be some boring old site:) but I'm glad I visited:) I will post a link to this site on my blog. I am sure my visitors will find that very useful:)

ps2 hardware reviews, says on March 13, 2011, 11:55 AM

"Hrmm that was weird, my remark attained eaten. Anyhow I wanted to say that it's good to understand that an additional particular person furthermore mentioned this as I had bother discovering the identical data elsewhere. This was the first place that instructed me the reply. Thanks." -------------------------------------------------------------------- Comparative Literature

Micah Held, says on March 7, 2011, 6:43 AM

This blog seems to get a great deal of visitors. How do you promote it? It gives a nice individual twist on things. I guess having something useful or substantial to post about is the most important thing.

gun classifieds, says on February 24, 2011, 8:35 AM

Great post.

forex, says on February 21, 2011, 8:27 AM

Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I'm impressed! Very helpful info specially the last part :) I care for such info a lot. I was looking for this certain information for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.

job in bristol, says on February 20, 2011, 4:45 AM

I am really impressed! Today I spent a lot of my free time looking for something interesting on this topic! Finally I got to your site:) Thanks for that.

job vacancies bath, says on February 19, 2011, 7:58 AM

I have checked this site a few times now and i have to say that i find it quite exeptional actually. keep the nice work up:)

Paketresorna, says on February 10, 2011, 5:56 AM

kinda enjoyed the article that you posted actually. it just is not that easy to discover good stuff to read (you know.. READ! and not simply going through it like some uniterested and flesh eating zombie before going to yet another post to just ignore), so cheers mate for really not wasting any of my time! :p

pogoda egipt, says on February 10, 2011, 5:51 AM

I really enjoyed reading through this write-up! I most certainly will be coming back to read some more intriguing ideas! Thank you!

just host coupon codes, says on January 10, 2011, 5:03 AM

sure, i consider that those form of ideas are important. however, that’s just a little part in SEO CMIIW.

Coach purses, says on December 27, 2010, 3:03 PM

... Funny, I was discussing this point with my older sister the other day, now I will have a single more argument in my hand when it’ll appear to confrontation the moment again....

penny stock, says on December 25, 2010, 7:47 AM

Just discovered this site thru Google, what a pleasant shock!

phuket escort, says on December 21, 2010, 10:56 PM

I must say that overall I am really impressed with this blog.It is easy to see that you are passionate about your writing. If only I had your writing ability I look forward to more updates and will be returning.

free dating site, says on December 21, 2010, 10:42 PM

The design for the weblog is a tad off in Epiphany. Nevertheless I like your web site. I may have to use a

buy textbooks, says on December 21, 2010, 11:48 AM

Good Stuff, do you have a facebook profile?

ipad accessories stores, says on December 19, 2010, 5:48 PM

When all else is lost the future still remains. -----------------------------------

Mackie RM1642-VLZ, says on December 6, 2010, 7:51 AM

Awesome post . Thanks for, posting on this blog man. I will message you some time! I did not know that.

Tiffanys, says on December 1, 2010, 12:38 PM

... One more new write-up with powerful points, I’ve been a lurker here to get a short time but desire to get significantly additional engaged inside long term....

Burton Haynes, says on November 29, 2010, 10:24 PM

I'm wondering now if we can talk about your sites statistics - search volume, etc, I'm trying to sites I can buy adspace through - let me know if we can talk about pricing and whatnot. Cheers mate you're doing a great job though.

streamline refinance, says on November 28, 2010, 1:48 AM

good good?this post deserves nothing :( ?hahaha just joking :P ?nice post :P

streamline refinance, says on November 27, 2010, 10:12 PM

Hi, I can?t understand how to add your site in my rss reader. Can you Help me, please :)

independent kiev escorts, says on November 23, 2010, 9:13 PM

Great aricles your public here. It would be intresting to read anything more concerning this article. Thanks for giving that information. Jion! With best regards!

Melanie Vanderjagt, says on November 21, 2010, 6:05 AM

This is strange, but I can only see another half the post, is this the site or my online browser? I think I should restart.

Merlin Ungerland, says on November 14, 2010, 12:11 AM

I have been just reading through this page it is very well written, I'm exploring on the web looking for the correct way to start this blog thing and your site happens to be very impressive.

film streaming, says on November 13, 2010, 6:55 PM

I work at a Wall St firm. At a high level, I'd guess person B would outlast person A. However, it's not that simple...

medical billing, says on November 7, 2010, 4:22 AM

Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

Burberry handbag, says on November 6, 2010, 7:54 PM

... YZV I thought that was extremeley fascinating. Many thanks to the unusual details. I’ll preserve following this. -NN....

Letisha Nanton, says on October 27, 2010, 7:51 AM

You have to like what you do.

Gaston Flenard, says on October 26, 2010, 5:59 AM

I am frequently trying to find somebody to alternative article content with, I am a undergraduate and also have a website here on our university website. The topic of your website and writting fashion would likely go great in a few of my category's, let me know should you be up for this.

bachelorette party ideas, says on October 25, 2010, 1:27 PM

My friend and I were just talking over this particular issue, jane is continually endeavouring to prove me incorrect! I will show her this particular blog post not to mention rub it in a little!

Trey Palenzuela, says on October 25, 2010, 1:21 AM

Well, like typical people always say Ask no questions and hear no lies.

Jean, says on October 22, 2010, 7:52 AM

Informative write up, saved the blog for interest to see more!

Internet Banking, says on October 14, 2010, 10:30 AM

Thanks for sharing this helpful info!

How to Play Guitar Chords, says on October 14, 2010, 8:54 AM

wowww nice article i will bookmark it.

Brad Rutheford, says on October 11, 2010, 1:25 PM

Amongst all those brands in the market one needs to select appropriate garden tractor which best matches to his/her needs and requirements. Do you need help with your wheel horse garden tractor?

laminator, says on October 9, 2010, 4:14 PM

... wonderful guidance and discussing,I'll get this amazing for me .many thanks!...

Pub tavern, says on October 7, 2010, 9:32 PM

... great guidance and sharing,I will get this fantastic for me .thanks!...

Pod, says on October 7, 2010, 11:31 AM

... Cheers for this article, guys, keep up the wonderful operate....

Andrew A. Sailer, says on September 28, 2010, 8:57 AM

Your web link you mailed me came thru, thanks, but it seems to not be working, does anybody have a backup, or mirror source? Just something that works.

Marylynn Canter, says on September 28, 2010, 7:01 AM

Amongst all the available brands in the market one needs to select appropriate garden tractor which best suits to his/her needs and requirements. Do you need help with your wheel horse garden tractor?

Luigi Fulk, says on September 27, 2010, 9:34 PM

I got your link, thanks. It would seem to be down or not working. Does anyone have a backup link or mirror? Cool that would help out.

Randee Illuzzi, says on September 17, 2010, 12:15 PM

The farmers plays a outstanding role during the society and contributes greatly for men’s require.

Coach outlet usa, says on September 14, 2010, 12:43 PM

... Hello there, I must say it is a clever write-up. I’ll definitely be looking in on this web site yet again quickly....

George Snyder, says on September 14, 2010, 1:29 AM

Wow, that's some compelling information. I would search on Google to find other relevant information. Actually, I came across your blog on Google Blog Search. I'm going to add your RSS feed to my reader. Continue posting please!

akron cheap mls, says on September 12, 2010, 2:28 AM

I am not really sure if best practices have emerged around things like that, but I am sure that your great job is clearly identified. I was wondering if you offer any subscription to your RSS feeds as I would be very interested and can?t find any link to subscribe here.

Trance, says on September 2, 2010, 5:27 AM

Going to see Ferry Corsten Tonight. Its gonna be amazing. There playing with Alex M.O.R.P.H.. Then next week ill be seeing Chuckie. impressive nights ahead

dll error, says on September 1, 2010, 10:00 PM

Keep posting stuff like this i really like it

Loan Carrison, says on August 29, 2010, 3:35 PM

Amongst all those brands in the market one needs to pick appropriate garden tractor which best suits to his/her needs and requirements. Do you need help with your wheel horse garden tractor?

conveyancing solicitors, says on August 27, 2010, 5:06 AM

I've seen many blogs and I can definitively state that this one is my favorite.

Clemente Mitzel, says on August 27, 2010, 4:15 AM

You are a very smart person!

knock off designer handbags, says on August 25, 2010, 6:18 PM

I read your post about four times before, this is really a nice place Steven

E cigarette, says on August 23, 2010, 11:20 PM

Have you actually considered adding additional videos to your blog site posts to maintain the readers more entertained? I imply I just examine by way of the whole content of yours plus it was pretty excellent but since I'm additional of the visual learner,I found that to get far more helpful very well enable me know how it turns out.

Ab Circle Pro Machine, says on August 19, 2010, 3:11 AM

The blog was absolutely fantastic! Lots of great information and inspiration, both of which we all need!

Escort Bremen, says on August 16, 2010, 3:51 PM

Haha so true.

Free Electronic Cigarette, says on August 16, 2010, 10:42 AM

Thanks for this brilliant article. I am delighted after reading this. Thank you!

Nobuko Landen, says on August 11, 2010, 2:55 AM

Heath Sarnosky

Free Avatars, says on August 10, 2010, 11:23 PM

Great post, thanks. A good quick read.

comparatif ordinateur portable, says on August 10, 2010, 8:26 AM

Awesome. I hope you will not stop posting new articles. I like the way you write. BTW how did you make the little widget on top of your blog ? Thanks. But.. it has been very slow to load lately.

Streaming, says on August 6, 2010, 10:04 PM

Awesome. Are you going to keep writing articles? I like the way you write.

Pilipinas Win na Win, says on July 29, 2010, 9:51 AM

Hi. I am looking for guests consultants towards the web site my crew is building. If you are interested, you know where to reach myself.

bookmarking demon, says on July 27, 2010, 5:58 AM

What is captcha code?, pls provide me captcha code codes or plugin, Thanks in advance.

America’s Got Talent Results – 2010, says on July 26, 2010, 12:46 PM

I tried to subscribe to your rss feed, but had a problem adding it to google reader. Could you please check this out.

NJ Gastroenterologist, says on July 19, 2010, 7:18 PM

Thank you and thanks for providing us such striking info! Here we have a article author who's certainly knowledgeable but also quite well formed too. There's quite often isnt a group of bloggers who can come up with such good articles .My friend Jessica got me about this place a few weeks ago but currently this is the first time I’m visting. Haha, I surely have to facebook all this! Thanks again!

thong bikini, says on July 15, 2010, 5:13 PM

an excellent blog if i ever read one. If you are the type to update your site daily, then you have gained one daily reader in me today. Please keep up the super work.

Joeann Peruzzi, says on July 15, 2010, 4:09 AM

Ricardo Mammen

Thong images, says on July 14, 2010, 11:06 AM

You are absolutely a powerful writer. You definitely know how to write to keep the audience engaged. I want to see a lot more of your excellent writing style in the future.

hannah montana fashion, says on July 11, 2010, 10:20 PM

Hi. I am looking for guests online marketers towards the web site my class is simply building. If you're fascinated, you know where to achieve myself.

Shelley Berkley, says on July 6, 2010, 8:31 AM

Thanks so very much for making this available.

Debbie Schultz, says on July 5, 2010, 8:52 AM

This is why I keep returning to this blog. I can't believe how much I missed since the last time!

Cletus Grayer, says on June 18, 2010, 6:54 PM

Super-Duper site! I am loving it!! Will come back again - taking you feeds also, Thanks.

Laureen Barsness, says on June 16, 2010, 12:19 AM

I really do not usually reply to posts but I will in this case. Surprise

Christal Eisenhower, says on June 16, 2010, 12:13 AM

There is certainly naturally a good deal to understand about this. I feel you created some beneficial details in Functions also. Maintain operating ,fantastic position!

Gene Tolefree, says on June 16, 2010, 12:04 AM

It sounds like you're creating problems yourself by attempting to solve this issue instead of hunting at why their is usually a problem in the first place. thank you !?!! incredibly useful post!

Carolin Misik, says on June 15, 2010, 11:55 PM

Hey, is there a section just for hottest news

bostitch nailers, says on May 31, 2010, 6:56 PM

This highly portable Bostitch PN100K Palm Nailer kit comes with everything you need to perform a wide range of nailing tasks, from putting up metal connectors to constructing decks. The centerpiece of the kit, the PN100 nailer, is powerful enough to drive nails up to 5-inches in length, and is ideal for anyone working in tight spaces.

travel wallet, says on May 17, 2010, 11:34 PM

Hey There, this weblog seems funny and narrow when I open it using Opera. Nonetheless, it seems to be fine in IE. Does anyone else observe this?

Online Medications, says on May 14, 2010, 4:31 AM

Hello. This is kind of an "unconventional" question , but have other visitors asked you how get the menu bar to look like you've got it? I also have a blog and am really looking to alter around the theme, however am scared to death to mess with it for fear of the search engines punishing me. I am very new to all of this i am just not positive exactly how to try to to it all yet. I'll just keep working on it one day at a time

rpi nanotechnology research center, says on March 4, 2010, 5:43 AM

posting here is great!

Prof. B L Puttoo, says on February 27, 2010, 1:14 PM

Dr. Ayyappan has gisted the achievemnts made in Agri and allied sectors in past six decades. It is a commendable National pride.We need to plan in advance to face the new challanges to our farm productivity due to biotic and abiotic stresses and shrinking of cultivated land that would sustain our growing needs. Hope the new DG ICAR will come to the expectations of farming community.

Carolyn R. Sheldon, says on February 17, 2010, 11:39 PM

Hi, it looks like your site

Shawn Otani, says on January 20, 2010, 1:00 AM

Just by hearing what he's said in past interviews, in sherdog's current interview, and in what he's said repetitively over and over and over again when aasked if he's going to the UFC. It's pretty much cut and clear and obvious that he isn't and probably won't ever come to the UFC. And anyone who thinks otherwise is just wishfull thinking or in denial.

Govind Swami, says on January 19, 2010, 12:08 PM

Global warming will definitely have its effect.

sanjay tyagi, says on January 19, 2010, 12:05 PM

thanx Dr.Ayappan for posting such detailed informative article.

Alia Markegard, says on January 19, 2010, 4:46 AM

-You can't really put it any more straightforward than that.