Wednesday, May 27th, 2020

वन राज्य मंत्री ने गंगा में प्रदूषण के बारे में दी जानकारी

आईएनवीसी ब्यूरो

नई दिल्ली.  पर्यावरण और वन राज्य मंत्री (स्वतंत्र प्रभार) जयराम रमेश ने कल राज्य सभा में बताया कि गंगा कार्य योजना (जीएपी) चरण 1, केन्द्रीय निधिकरण स्कीम के रूप में गंगा के पानी को स्वीकार्य स्तर तक सुधारने के लिए 1985 में शुरू की गयी थी । सीवेज का इंटर सेप्शन और दिशा परिवर्तन, सीवेज शोधन संयंत्रों की स्थापना, अल्प लागत शौचालय कार्य, शवदाहगृह आदि जैसे विभिन्न प्रदूषण उपशमन कार्य शुरू किए गए थे । गंगा कार्य योजना चरण - 2 को जिसमें गंगा के अतिरिक्त गंगा नदी की सहायक नदी यमुना, गोमती, दामोदर और महानंदा को भी शामिल किया गया था, 1983-1996 में चरणबध्द ढंग से मंजूरी दी गयी थी । गंगा कार्य योजना चरण 2 को दिसम्बर, 1996 में राष्ट्रीय नदी संरक्षण योजना (एनआरसीपी) में मिला दिया गया था । गंगा नदी के लिए 837.40 करोड़ रुपये व्यय किया गया है और योजना के दोनों चरणों के अंतर्गत 1025 मिलियन लीटर प्रतिदिन (एमएलडी) की सीवेज शोधन क्षमता विकसित की गयी है ।

 

          सुविख्यात संस्थानों जैसे, आईआईटी, कानपुर, भारत हैवी इलैक्ट्रिकल्स लिमिटेड, पटना विश्वविद्यालय आदि द्वारा की गयी जल गुणवत्ता मानीटरी से यह पता चलता है कि प्रमुख संकेतकों नामश: बायोकेमीकल ऑक्सीजन डिमांड (बीओडी) और डिलोल्वड ऑक्सीजन (डीओ) के संदर्भ में उत्तर प्रदेश में कन्नौज और वाराणसी के बीच के भाग को छोड़कर गंगा नदी की जल गुणवत्ता निर्धारित मानकों के अनुरूप है । तथापि, गंगा नदी के किनारे कई मॉनीटरिंग स्टेशनों पर फीकल कोलीफार्म्स का स्तर अधिकतम स्वीकार्य सीमा से अधिक होने की सूचना मिली है ।

          नदियों का संरक्षण केन्द्र और राज्य सरकारों का सतत और सामूहिक प्रयास है । नदी संरक्षण कार्यकलाप जैसे कि सीवेज प्रबंधन और निस्तारण के लिए नागरिक अवसंरचना विकसित करने हेतु अन्य केन्द्रीय तथा राज्य स्कीमों जैसे कि जवाहर लाल नेहरू नेशनल अर्बन रीन्यूअल मिशन, लघु और मध्यम शहरों के लिए अर्बन इंफ्रांस्ट्रक्चर डेवलपमेंट का भी कार्यान्वयन  किया जा रहा है ।  केन्द्र सरकार ने वर्ष 2009-10 के बजट में एनजीआरबीए के लिए 250 करोड़ रू0 आवंटित किए हैं । राज्यों से अत्यधिक प्रदूषण वाले और प्रमुख शहरों के लिए गंगा के संबंध में प्राथमिकता के आधार पर परियोजनाएं तैयार करने और जारी परियोजनाओं का कार्य त्वरित गति से निपटाने का अनुरोध किया गया है ।   

 

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